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The package provides utilities to work with the initialization data of Telegram Mini Apps on the server side. To learn more about the initialization data and its usage, please refer to the documentation.


pnpm i @tma.js/init-data-node
npm i @tma.js/init-data-node
yarn add @tma.js/init-data-node


You can learn more about parsing utilities in @tma.js/sdk documentation. This package re-exports the parseInitData function as parse.


To validate the signature of the initialization data, the validate function is used. It expects the initialization data to be passed in a raw format (search parameters) and throws an error in certain cases.

import { validate } from '@tma.js/init-data-node';

const secretToken = '5768337691:AAH5YkoiEuPk8-FZa32hStHTqXiLPtAEhx8';
const initData =
  'query_id=AAHdF6IQAAAAAN0XohDhrOrc' +
  '&user=%7B%22id%22%3A279058397%2C%22first_name%22%3A%22Vladislav%22%2C%22last_name%22%3A%22Kibenko%22%2C%22username%22%3A%22vdkfrost%22%2C%22language_code%22%3A%22ru%22%2C%22is_premium%22%3Atrue%7D' +
  '&auth_date=1662771648' +

validate(initData, secretToken);

Function will throw an error in one of these cases:

  • auth_date should present integer
  • auth_date is empty or not found
  • hash is empty or not found
  • Signature is invalid
  • Init data expired

By default, the function checks the expiration of the initialization data. The default expiration duration is set to 1 day (86,400 seconds). It is recommended to always check the expiration of the initialization data, as it could be stolen but still remain valid. To disable this feature, pass { expiresIn: 0 } as the third argument.


There could be some cases when a developer needs to create their own init data. For instance, Telegram does not send this data automatically if you are using something like KeyboardButton or InlineKeyboardButton. Telegram cannot do this because it doesn't know which Telegram Bot token should be used.

To implement such a process, it is required to use the sign method. Here is the complete example:

import { sign } from '@tma.js/init-data-node';

    canSendAfter: 10000,
    chat: {
      id: 1,
      type: 'group',
      username: 'my-chat',
      title: 'chat-title',
      photoUrl: 'chat-photo',
    chatInstance: '888',
    chatType: 'sender',
    queryId: 'QUERY',
    receiver: {
      addedToAttachmentMenu: false,
      allowsWriteToPm: true,
      firstName: 'receiver-first-name',
      id: 991,
      isBot: false,
      isPremium: true,
      languageCode: 'ru',
      lastName: 'receiver-last-name',
      photoUrl: 'receiver-photo',
      username: 'receiver-username',
    startParam: 'debug',
    user: {
      addedToAttachmentMenu: false,
      allowsWriteToPm: false,
      firstName: 'user-first-name',
      id: 222,
      isBot: true,
      isPremium: false,
      languageCode: 'en',
      lastName: 'user-last-name',
      photoUrl: 'user-photo',
      username: 'user-username',
  new Date(1000),
'auth_date=1' +
'&can_send_after=10000' +
'&chat=%7B%22id%22%3A1%2C%22type%22%3A%22group%22%2C%22title%22%3A%22chat-title%22%2C%22photo_url%22%3A%22group%22%2C%22username%22%3A%22my-chat%22%7D' +
'&chat_instance=888' +
'&chat_type=sender' +
'&query_id=QUERY' +
'&receiver=%7B%22added_to_attachment_menu%22%3Afalse%2C%22allows_write_to_pm%22%3Atrue%2C%22first_name%22%3A%22receiver-first-name%22%2C%22id%22%3A991%2C%22is_bot%22%3Afalse%2C%22is_premium%22%3Atrue%2C%22language_code%22%3A%22ru%22%2C%22last_name%22%3A%22receiver-last-name%22%2C%22photo_url%22%3A%22receiver-photo%22%2C%22username%22%3A%22receiver-username%22%7D' +
'&start_param=debug' +
'&user=%7B%22added_to_attachment_menu%22%3Afalse%2C%22allows_write_to_pm%22%3Afalse%2C%22first_name%22%3A%22user-first-name%22%2C%22id%22%3A222%2C%22is_bot%22%3Atrue%2C%22is_premium%22%3Afalse%2C%22language_code%22%3A%22en%22%2C%22last_name%22%3A%22user-last-name%22%2C%22photo_url%22%3A%22user-photo%22%2C%22username%22%3A%22user-username%22%7D' +

This function accepts three arguments:

  • Data to sign: It represents a parsed init data object excluding the authDate and hash properties.
  • Bot token: This token is received from @BotFather.
  • Signing date: This value will be used as the value of the authDate property.

As a result, the function returns signed init data.

Released under the MIT License.